Hundreds ‘remember those lost’ at Port Arthur 20th anniversary service

Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull was among those who laid a wreath near a cafe where the shooting unfolded 20 years ago.

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Thirty-five people were killed and 23 wounded by a gunman armed with a semi-automatic rifle on April 28, 1996.

On Thursday, some 500 people gathered at the Port Arthur Historic Site for the official memorial service.

Mr Turnbull reflected on the shock experienced by Australians, especially visitors to Port Arthur, 20 years ago.

“Some came to work, some came to relax and learn. It was to be another calm day amid the sandstone ruins,” he said of those at the historic site that day.

“And then the horror.

“Despite the years, despite the healing, the sense of loss weighs heavy. We will never be the same.”

Mr Turnbull acknowledged his coalition predecessor John Howard who he said “acted decisively” to tighten gun laws.

“(He) set a benchmark in our resolve,” Mr Turnbull said.

He said his government would continue to crack down on gun crime and illegal gun ownership.

Port Arthur Historic Site Management Authority chairwoman Sharon Sullivan explained that while there are people who opposed the idea of holding an event for the 20th anniversary, it was important for many people.

“There are some people affected by the tragedy who have come back to Port Arthur for the first time in 20 years,” Professor Sullivan said.

“That is incredibly gratifying for us.

“We also understand there are some people who cannot bear to return and perhaps never will.”

Port Arthur’s history as a convict settlement in the 1800s had a new layer of disbelief, sadness, fear and trauma added in 1996, Tasmanian Governor Kate Warner said.

“The gunman seemed to have no comprehensible explanation for his actions,” she said, before acknowledging the subsequent gun reforms.

The events of 20 years ago took a punishing toll on the local community, Prof Warner added.

“For many, the pain and anguish will never end.”

Organisers of a commemorative service marking 20 years since the Port Arthur massacre worked to shield survivors, family and friends from a media throng.

The former convict settlement is being divided into distinct areas where attendees can get moments of quiet reflection during official proceedings which will be attended by guests expected to include Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull.

Port Arthur Historic Site Management Authority boss Stephen Large says the 10th anniversary in 2006 was to have been the last marked by a special event but plans changed.

“Last June, we were approached by somebody that lost his wife in the massacre and said he was inquiring as to what we were intending to do for the 20th anniversary,” Mr Large told ABC online on Wednesday.

“He wasn’t ready to come back for the 10th anniversary but felt ready now.”

Further investigations found strong community interest in an event to remember the sunny Sunday 35 people were killed and 23 were injured by an armed gunman.

It won’t be a typical budget: Morrison

Treasurer Scott Morrison has said his first budget won’t be a typical one.

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It will be a sober, responsible economic plan, which won’t be throwing money around but shows the government living within its means.

“We will continue to reduce the deficit and we will do that by not spending more than we save,” the treasurer says.

While that sounds fairly typical for any treasurer, there are many threads to the May 3 budget that remain unsaid.

With an early federal election potentially just weeks away, this budget more than usual has to stop the government’s slippage in opinion polls.

It has to show voters why they should return the coalition to power at a July 2 election, rather than restoring Labor to government after just one term.

It has to satisfy Morrison’s own backbench with some still smarting from Tony Abbott’s exit at the hands of Malcolm Turnbull last year – and why Morrison is delivering his first budget instead of Joe Hockey handing down his third.

Crucially, it also has to get the nod of approval from global credit rating agencies if Australia wants to retain its triple-A rating.

While agencies like Standard & Poor’s, Moody’s Investors Service and Fitch Ratings fell from grace in the run-up to the 2008-2009 global financial crisis, they still wield enormous power.

A credit rating downgrade would have huge repercussions for government and business because it lifts the cost of borrowing money abroad.

The potential loss of even one AAA rating would be an extremely bad look during an election campaign likely to centre around economic management.

Moody’s took the unusual step just weeks out from the budget to raise concerns that potentially limited spending cuts won’t be enough to get a meaningful improvement towards a promised balanced budget by 2021 without taking measures to raise revenue.

“Government debt will likely continue to climb, a credit negative for Australia,” it said.

An analysis by Deloitte Access Economics showed the budget out to 2018/19 being $21 billion worse off than just a few months ago as the slowdown in China hits company tax receipts and subdued wage growth restrains personal income tax revenue.

That would mean a deficit of $41.7 billion in 2015/16, $4.3 billion worse than forecast in December and larger than the $37.9 billion recorded in the previous year.

It could have been worse if not for a substantial rise in the iron ore price, recently hitting a two-year high of $US70 per tonne compared with the $US39 figure used in the mid-year budget review.

For 2016/17, Deloitte and other economists are expecting a deficit of between $31.5 billion to $38.6 billion compared to the government’s $33.7 billion forecast.

The budget will contain the result of the government’s year-long review of the tax system, but Morrison has made it clear it will be aimed at lowering the overall tax burden, not increasing it.

Neither will it be the broad-brush reform as initially promised.

GST and tax concessions through negative gearing and capital gains tax will remain unchanged.

Previously promised tax cuts to counter the effects of wage inflation, or bracket creep, are expected to be limited to some modest tinkering of thresholds while there could be a plan for a staged cut in the company tax rate.

There could also be some modest changes to superannuation tax concessions.

“Every page that you see in this budget will be about growth and jobs,” Morrison says.

Voters won’t have to wait long to show whether they agree.

Supply bills to keep government running

Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull has unveiled a plan to keep money flowing to the government until the budget is passed after the election.

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The program for the lower house sitting next week shows three supply bills have been slated for introduction on Monday along with a fast-tracked debate.

“These bills will ensure continuity of the normal business of government in the context of a double-dissolution election,” Finance Minister Mathias Cormann told AAP on Thursday.

The budget appropriation bills will be introduced when Treasurer Scott Morrison gets to his feet on Tuesday evening, but they will not be considered by parliament until after the election.

Mr Turnbull will need to secure supply before he seeks the governor-general’s approval for a double dissolution on July 2.

The deadline for that approval is midnight on May 11.

Labor has a long-standing policy of not blocking supply.

The supply bills will contain funding for about five months of 2016/17, and no new budget measures will be included.

Labor leader Bill Shorten will deliver his budget-in-reply speech on Thursday before the prime minister visits the governor-general.

In the Senate on Monday, indigenous leader Pat Dodson will be sworn in to replace retiring Labor senator Joe Bullock.

The upper house will debate a bill to set up a new northern Australia infrastructure fund while it waits for the supply bills to pass the House of Representatives.

While the lower house sits from Monday to Thursday, the Senate will sit from Monday to Wednesday, with two days of estimates hearings on Thursday and Friday.

A sitting of both houses is scheduled for the following week.

Legal centres breathe sigh of relief after funding cuts dropped

Community legal centres are expressing relief that a planned $35 million cut in federal funding at the end of June will not go ahead.

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Attorney-General George Brandis has instead announced a funding boost of around $55 million, overriding the cut and adding about $20 million over three years.

“This decision has been made to allocate new money, despite budgetary pressures, because of our acknowledgement of the central importance of what community legal centres do.”

The previously planned cut was a result of old Labor Government funding expiring and further savings measures introduced by then prime minister Tony Abbott.

But centres warned the cuts would force them to drop vulnerable clients and sack lawyers.

The president of the Law Council of Australia, Fiona McLeod, says the reversal comes as a response to a vigorous community campaign.

“We’re very delighted to see that the campaign to restore the funding to the community legal centres and the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander legal centres has been heeded and that the Government will be restoring funding.”

Senator Brandis says the Government has announced the measures two weeks ahead of the May 9th Budget to give the sector more certainty.

“We’re actually announcing this in advance of the Budget because we want to send a very clear signal about where the Government’s priorities lie.”

But while the overall reaction from the sector is one of relief, the timing of the announcement has drawn criticism.

Two legal centres told SBS News they had already sacked lawyers or reduced their hours.

Fiona McLeod says community legal centres had already weathered successive years of funding cuts and had been forced to react to the upcoming plans.

“Unfortunately, it’s come at a stage where some of those legal centres had no certainty about their funding going forward, so some of them would already have been putting in place plans to lay people off and, in some cases — for example, a number of legal centres in South Australia — were looking at closing their doors if they didn’t receive state funding to fill the gap. So this is late in the piece. It is very welcome, but it’s certainly late in the piece in terms of their planning.”

The Opposition has echoed that criticism, with Labor senator Katy Gallagher accusing George Brandis of creating havoc through uncertainty.

“Today, we see this humiliating backflip from him, and yet he still continues to deny any responsibility for the uncertainty and the devastating impact that these potential cuts have caused.”

The legal centres say the new money is a good start now but more is needed.

They are urging the Government to implement a Productivity Commission report that recommended a boost of $200 million for the sector.

 

 

 

Newcomer versus nationalist leader in French run-off

For the first time in modern French history, a mainstream political candidate has not made it to the final round of the presidential race.

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Instead, the voters of France have chosen two outsiders to face off for the presidency, newcomer Emmanuel Macron and nationalist leader Marine Le Pen.

Opinion polls consistently project the 39-year-old Mr Macron as the favourite to win the run-off.

He is the youngest-ever French presidential hopeful and has never run for election previously.

Before a cheering crowd of supporters, Mr Macron has called on all what he terms “patriots” to rally behind him against what he calls the “threat” of the nationalists.

“I want to be the president of all the French people, of patriots in the face of the nationalists’ threat. A president who protects, transforms and builds. A president who allows those who want to create, innovate, do business and work to do so more easily and more quickly.”

Mr Macron’s rise has been swift.

He set up his ‘En Marche!’ political movement just a year ago while working as the youngest minister of the economy in the nation’s history.

The former banker framed himself as a progressive who wanted the economy to become more business-friendly in a liberal society.

It is a radically different economic vision to his rival Marine Le Pen, the Eurosceptic and anti-immigration leader of the National Front party.

Speaking to supporters in northern France, Ms Le Pen has called herself “the candidate for the people” and promises to defend France against globalisation.

“The French people must seize this historic opportunity that has opened up to them, because what is at stake in this election is unbridled globalisation, which is threatening our civilisation. The French people have a simple choice: Do we continue on the path of total deregulation, without borders and without protection and, as a consequence, the relocations of jobs, unfair international competition, mass immigration and free movement of terrorists?”

Former prime minister Francois Fillon was knocked out of the race.

Mr Fillon, whose campaign was rocked by corruption allegations, has now called on his supporters to back Mr Macron.

“I am doing this with a heavy heart, but abstention does not run in my genes, especially when an extremist party is getting close to power. The National Front, this party created by Jean-Marie Le Pen, has a history that is known for its violence and for its intolerance. Its social and economic program would lead our country to bankruptcy, and, to this chaos, we would have to add the European chaos, with the exit from the euro. I assure you, extremism can only bring unhappiness and division. There is no other choice but to vote against the far right. I will, therefore, vote in favour of Emmanuel Macron.”

Mr Fillon was tied in third place with fast-rising Jean-Luc Mélenchon.

Mr Melenchon was the leader of a grassroots movement called, in English, Insubmissive France, which had the backing of the Communist Party.

He refused to accept early projections that indicated his defeat and has not been ready to back another candidate in the run-off.

“The challenges that we’ve named, without making light of any and all the difficulties to solve them, the challenges are still yet to be solved. And those who pretend today to have the honour to be representing us all have already demonstrated that they’re incapable to even think about these.”

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker has congratulated Emmanuel Macron and wished him well for the run-off election.

Germany has also welcomed Mr Macron’s success in the first round.

Political analysts say Mr Macron’s biggest concern now is to transcend traditional party divides into a working majority.

The head of the University of Sydney’s School of Social and Political Science, Professor Simon Tormey, (TOR-may) says the June run-off will show whether Mr Macron can overcome them.

“His problem is going to be that, because he doesn’t have a party structure behind him, it’s the next step which is going to be difficult. So if he’s elected president, he’s still got to basically earn a majority in the Assemble National. Normally, of course, a president comes in because they’ve been the top candidate from the Socialist party or a right-wing party, and they’ve already got representation in Assemble National.”

 

 

 

 

Sirens and silence as Israel remembers Holocaust victims

Israelis stood silent and sirens rang out for two minutes on Monday as the country held its annual remembrance of the six million Jewish victims of the Holocaust.

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Drivers exited their cars and buses ground to a halt, while students at schools marked the two minutes of silence that began at 10:00am local time.

Israeli radio and television stations have aired testimony, documentaries and films on the genocide carried out by the Nazis since Sunday night.

Israelis stand next to their cars as a siren sounds in memory of victims of the Holocaust in Tel Aviv, Israel.AP

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu threatened to destroy those who call for the destruction of Israel in a speech at the Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial to mark the start of commemorations on Sunday night.

“Iran and the Islamic State want to destroy us, and a hatred for Jews is being directed towards the Jewish state today,” he said.

“From being defenceless people, we have become a state with a defensive capacity that is among the strongest in the world,” he said.

He also said that “in our world, the strong survive and the weak are erased.” 

“We learned that in our bones with the Holocaust and it is always present in our minds.”

People stand still on the Mediterranean Sea beachfront in Netanya, Israel.AP

Six Holocaust survivors lit torches at the memorial on Sunday night in memory of the six million Jews massacred by the Nazis during World War II.

The state of Israel was created in 1948 in the wake of the Holocaust as the national home for the Jewish people.

More than 213,000 Holocaust survivors live in Israel today, many of them below the poverty line, according to survivors’ groups.

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Disgraced Vic MP will be forced to repay

Victoria’s disgraced former deputy speaker Don Nardella will be forced to repay almost $100,000 he claimed in parliamentary allowances “whether he likes it or not”, the premier has announced.

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Daniel Andrews has warned parliament will act against Mr Nardella as part of a major overhaul of MP allowances announced on Monday that aims to make perks and privileges accountable and transparent before “ordinary, hardworking Victorians”.

The overhaul comes after Mr Nardella and former Speaker Telmo Languiller were caught out claiming an allowance to live in coastal towns, instead of their metropolitan electorates.

“If he’s not done the right thing by the time these (reform) bills are in the parliament, which is just in a few weeks’ time, then the parliament will take the matter out of his hands,” Mr Andrews said on Monday.

“Parliament will reclaim the money from him. We will get the money back.”

The second residence allowance was originally designed to help country MPs keep a second home in the city when parliament sits, but loopholes meant Mr Languiller and Mr Nardella could claim the perk, an audit found.

As part of the overhaul, the allowance will now be restricted to only those representing regional seats.

MPs will also no longer be able to roll over travel entitlements from year-to-year or claim the costs of their partner travelling with them.

A parliamentary integrity adviser will be appointed to help MPs make “appropriate” decisions and at least quarterly, MPs will be required to publicly report what allowances or payments had been made to them.

An independent tribunal will also be introduced to set the pay of MPs, public sector executives and office holders.

Mr Languiller has since repaid the $37,800 he claimed, but Mr Nardella has refused Mr Andrews’ demands to hand back the cash.

Since 2010, the metropolitan MP has claimed $174,836 for having a secondary residence.

He first lived in Ballarat with a partner, but when that relationship fell apart in 2014, told parliament officials he moved to the seaside town of Ocean Grove instead of his St Kilda apartment, claiming $98,000 over almost three years.

Mr Andrews says he will seek advice on the best method to reclaim the money.

Opposition Leader Matthew Guy says Mr Andrews has given Mr Nardella a “leave pass” on the eve of Anzac Day to continue drawing a salary from his parliamentary career.

“Don Nardella is the greatest rorter in Victorian parliamentary history. He should be booted out of parliament and made to pay the money back.”

French voters in Australia buck turnout trend

French people living in Australia turned out in force to have their say on France’s next president, with the number of those casting their vote up by 50 per cent on the last election five years ago.

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Thousands lined up – some for hours – to have their say in the first round of polling, with queues snaking down streets and around blocks leading up to polling booths.

The French Ambassador to Australia Christophe Lecourtier said the huge turnout showed just how important this election was.

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“It is, for the French, the most important political appointment for our democracy,” he told SBS News.

“And what is amazing is that the French that live in Australia have been voting, I mean there have been very, very many and much more than expected, which means that they’re pretty much committed to exercising their rights.

“It was quite unexpected – and when we look at the figures we saw that the participation has increased by 50 per cent compared to the previous elections in 2012 for the current president.

“So that shows that there were many more French living in Australia that have decided that this election was so important that they had to come to the polling stations.”

Watch: French election update with Brett Mason

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The figures for French voters in Australia bucked the trend of the voting turnout in France, where fewer people participated in this election than in 2012.

France’s interior ministry said 78.69 per cent of France’s 47 million registered voters participated this year, down from more than 80 per cent in 2012.

Mr Lecourtier said even more French nationals living in Australia could turn out for the second and final poll on May 7.

“We had exactly the same number of polling stations than in 2012, because the number of electors has just only slightly increased,” he said.

“But what has pretty much increased is the number of people who have decided that they really needed, they really wanted to come to the polling station yesterday.”

The ambassador said the embassy was working to improve how the next round of voting would be organised, so the queues would be shorter.

Watch: I want to become your president: Macron

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“We hope to be able to manage in a better way the number of French that will come on the 7th of May, because we expect as many as yesterday to come and maybe even more, taking into the account the importance of that election,” Mr Lecourtier said.

Voters in Australia are eagerly awaiting the final poll which will determine whether Emmanuel Macron or Marine Le Pen will be the next President.

“I don’t think anyone is really surprised or even worried. She (Le Pen) is not going to make it. It’s sad that she made it to the second round but no one can say that it is a surprise,” said Margaux Pinson, who lives in Sydney.

Ms Pinson was one of many who queued for hours to cast their vote.

Watch: Le Pen through to French run-off

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“It was a bit nice to see all the French people. There are actually a lot of French people in Sydney, I was really surprised and I think everyone in the line was very surprised as well,” Ms Pinson said.

Karolina Rouvier, 20, voted in Melbourne and had a similar experience.

“There were so many people so I decided to come back later. So I came back at 6.30pm and there were so many people still, so I think I waited for two hours to vote at the election,” Ms Rouvier said.

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‘Hidden’ sugar can be pitfall for consumers

Most Australian shoppers say they know consuming too much sugar is unhealthy.

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(First:) “I know it’s a problem, I know it’s in a lot of processed foods and so on, but I don’t buy them anyway.”

(Second:) “Just because of some health concerns, I’ve now had to start paying attention to sugar, but I must admit, previously, it never crossed my mind.”

(Third:) “I try to avoid buying things with sugar on the menu.”

But Jane Martin from the Obesity Policy Coalition explains checking the label is not always enough.

“One of the problems for a consumer is they don’t know how much added sugar is in their food compared to the naturally occurring sugar, because that’s not clear on the label. There are 43 different names for sugar that are used on the ingredient list, and that makes it very confusing to know what proportion of your food is actually sugar.”

Research shows Australians are consuming an average of 60 grams of added sugar a day, equating to 14 teaspoons.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders consume even more, 18 teaspoons.

And some teenagers are consuming 38 teaspoons daily.

Katinka Day, from the consumer group CHOICE, says that is equivalent to the sugar in four cans of Coca-Cola.

“Australians are over-consuming added sugar, especially children and teenagers. Added sugar is hidden in everyday products. So it’s not the products that you just think of as unhealthy. It’s breakfast cereals, it’s yoghurts, it’s savoury foods.”

CHOICE has named several culprits in a new report on added sugars.

The biggest name is Kellogg’s Nutri-Grain, where one 40-gram serving contains nearly three teaspoons of hidden sugar.

Other items mentioned include Healthy Choice apricot chicken and Woolworths Select chow mein.

Some surprise inclusions are Gippsland raspberry and coconut yoghurt, as well as Golden Day apricot bites.

The Grattan Health Institute’s Dr Stephen Duckett says the report shows added sugar is disguised, not up-front.

“It’s all very well to say to people, ‘You’ve got to actually moderate your food intake, you’ve got to moderate your sugar intake.’ But, if they think that something doesn’t have much sugar in it and it turns out to have more, that’s really bad.”

Katinka Day says, if consumers make the right changes, they could avoid 38 kilograms of unnecessary sugar a year.

But, first, she says, labels need to be more transparent.

“So we’re asking for the government to catch up with the rest of the world and label added sugars clearly on food products. We need labels that allow consumers to make informed choices.”

State, territory and federal food ministers will consider that recommendation when they meet on Friday at the Forum of Food Regulation.

Understanding the true meaning of Anzac Day

At the Royal Military College Duntroon, Staff Cadet Emma Forward is preparing to mark her second Anzac Day in uniform.

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The 27-year-old remembers what Anzac Day meant to her as a child.

“I always used to go to dawn service and close my eyes and try to imagine what it would be like to go through that hardship and bloodshed. But I think it’s quite hard to identify, or even sense what it would have been like.”

But now, she says, she does have a better idea of what it means to join the Australian Defence Force.

“You’re able to understand that there’s so much more sacrifice and commitment given to be in the military, as opposed to being on the outside. It’s so important to remember that there’ve been many men and women who have sacrificed so much to give Australia the freedom that it does have now.”

Emma Forward left a career in mining engineering to join the army.

Now only a few months away from graduating from the Royal Military College, she says she wants to become a combat engineer.

“Combat engineers, they work very closely with infantry, and they do explosive-handling and route-clearing. So it’s a lot to do with different pieces of equipment that are going to enable infantry on the ground.”

Anzac Day marks the dawn landing of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps onto the shores of Gallipoli, in Turkey, in 1915.

The eight-month campaign that followed killed more than 8,000 Australian soldiers.

It marked the beginning of the Anzac legend and the annual day of remembrance.

For retired air-force nurse Sharon Bown, it is a day to remember those who have died serving their country.

“I lost patients, I lost friends, and colleagues. So Anzac Day became more of a day of reflection. It became somewhat of a sad day.”

She spent nearly 20 years in the Defence Force.

In 2004, she was in East Timor and on an emergency medical flight to the village of Same.

In bad weather, the helicopter she was on crashed.

“I walked away with a burst wedge compression fracture of L3 — so a serious spinal fracture — and a shattered jaw. My jaw was broken in four places. And chemical burns to my shoulders and my back, where I had been exposed to aviation fuel.”

Sharon Bown spent the next four years recovering before landing in Afghanistan to serve as a critical-care nurse.

“The wounds and trauma caused by improvised explosive devices and gunfire is unlike anything that you see anywhere else in the world. I try not to concentrate on the devastation of that but the difference that we were able to make, the children thatwe were able to provide with care who may not have otherwise received care if we were not there.”

Veterans services are also preparing to mark Anzac Day.

John Bale, chief executive of Soldier On, a support group for physically or psychologically injured veterans, says the day can be uncomfortable for those from more recent conflicts.

“I think modern veterans are still finding their place in the Anzac tradition. We still don’t really understand where we sit. Most of our focus is on the wars of old. We don’t have a good understanding of what a modern veteran is, what they’ve just completed in Afghanistan, Iraq, East Timor and all of our peacekeeping operations, disaster relief, border protection, et cetera.”

The Department of Veterans Affairs cares for about 300,000 clients across the country.

But John Bale says the Australian public is obligated to care for them as well.

“Government has its place. It’s critical, of course. But at the end of the day, you join the community, not the Department of Veterans Affairs. You need to be supported by us, the Australian people, and we need to understand what our men and women have done.”

 

African trio to pilot malaria vaccine

Ghana, Kenya and Malawi will pilot the world’s first malaria vaccine from 2018, offering it for babies and children in high-risk areas as part of real-life trials, the World Health Organisation says.

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The injectable vaccine, called RTS,S or Mosquirix, was developed by British drugmaker GlaxoSmithKline to protect children from the most deadly form of malaria in Africa.

In clinical trials it proved only partially effective, and it needs to be given in a four-dose schedule, but is the first regulator-approved vaccine against the mosquito-borne disease.

The WHO, which is in the process of assessing whether to add the shot to core package of WHO-recommended measures for malaria prevention, has said it first wants to see the results of on-the-ground testing in a pilot program.

“Information gathered in the pilot will help us make decisions on the wider use of this vaccine,” Matshidiso Moeti, the WHO’s African regional director, said in a statement as the three pilot countries were announced.

“Combined with existing malaria interventions, such a vaccine would have the potential to save tens of thousands of lives in Africa.”

Malaria kills around 430,000 people a year, the vast majority of them babies and young children in sub-Saharan Africa. Global efforts in the last 15 years cut the malaria death toll by 62 per cent between 2000 and 2015.

The WHO pilot program will assess whether the Mosquirix’s protective effect in children aged five to 17 months can be replicated in real-life.

It will also assess the feasibility of delivering the four doses needed, and explore the vaccine’s potential role in reducing the number of children killed by the disease.

The WHO said Malawi, Kenya and Ghana were chosen for the pilot due to several factors, including having high rates of malaria as well as good malaria programs, wide use of bed-nets, and well-functioning immunisation programs.

Each of the three countries will decide on the districts and regions to be included in the pilots, the WHO said, with high malaria areas getting priority since these are where experts expect to see most benefit from the use of the vaccine.

‘Ring main caused lead at Perth hospital’

The source of dangerous lead in drinking water at the new Perth children’s hospital was likely a government-owned “ring main”, according to WA’s Building Commissioner, contradicting state government claims that contractor John Holland is to blame.

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Both the previous Liberal National government and new Labor government have been highly critical of John Holland for a litany of problems at the still-unopened $1.2 billion hospital, including the unsolved issue of elevated lead levels in drinking water.

However, commissioner Peter Gow said in his independent audit report that there were no grounds for immediate disciplinary action against John Holland based on what he had investigated.

“The audit found the most likely causes of the lead contamination were disturbed residues in the QEII medical centre ring main and lead leaching from the brass fittings and fixtures in the PCH plumbing network,” he told reporters on Monday.

Last Thursday, Treasurer Ben Wyatt criticised John Holland for not accepting responsibility for the lead.

In late January, both Premier Colin Barnett and WA’s Health Department director-general David Russell-Weisz said unequivocally the source of the lead was from within the hospital after John Holland project manager Lindsay Albonico said it was from the state-owned pipes.

Mr Gow said “we are satisfied” that there was lead in the ring main and tests had shown that.

That ring main also supplies water to the QEII Medical Centre, including the Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, raising fears about lead contamination there.

Mr Gow said there was no evidence those facilities were contaminated by lead.

The new children’s hospital might have been affected by residue because the water was not being used much and was stagnant, given it was already 18 months past its original scheduled opening.

There are strong financial motives at play, with the government having already flagged it would pursue a significant damages claim against John Holland over the various costs of the delay, including keeping the old children’s hospital open.

Mr Gow cited the contractual disputes between the parties as motivation for blaming each other for the lead levels and recommended more, independent tests to ensure the lead issue was resolved.

Opposition Leader Mike Nahan, who blamed John Holland for the lead as Treasurer until last month’s election, rejected any suggestion the previous government had covered up information, saying it followed tests by the Department of Health that found no lead in the ring main.

“If you show any evidence that we have overridden advice to the contrary, please put it forward,” he said.

The Building Commission report concluded the delayed completion, complaints, material failures including the discovery of asbestos in roof panels and contractual disputes suggest John Holland may have failed to properly manage and supervise the project.

Man arrested, then let go after baby dies

A man has been arrested and later released after a two-month-old baby boy died in southern NSW as police investigate whether the death was due to injury or illness.

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While the cause of death remains unclear, investigators are treating it with “a degree of suspicion”, Detective Inspector Bob Noble told AAP on Monday.

The baby was “seriously unwell” when emergency services were called to a home in Kooringal, near Wagga Wagga, about 5am.

Paramedics treated him at the scene and he was rushed to Wagga Wagga Rural Referral Hospital but died a short time later.

A 32-year-old man, named in media reports as Andrew Crichton and believed to be the baby’s father, was arrested at the home.

Det Insp Noble said he was extremely distressed by the incident.

Neighbour Simone Gowland heard Mr Crichton screaming and crying as police arrived at the scene in the early hours of Monday morning.

“He just kept saying, ‘I’m sorry, I’m sorry’,” she told local newspaper the Daily Advertiser.

“He didn’t put up any fight – he just sobbed as police loaded him into the wagon.”

Mr Crichton was released later on Monday afternoon pending further inquiries.

Police will wait for a post-mortem examination to determine the cause of the baby’s death.

“It’s sort of unclear at this stage … we can’t definitively say whether it was caused by an illness or an injury,” Det Insp Noble said.

The baby’s mother is also assisting homicide detectives with the investigation. She and her extended family are receiving support.

The family is understood to have lived in the region for some time.

Officers who first attended the incident were understandably shaken by the tragedy, Det Insp Noble said.

“He’s such a tiny, young child and it does make it quite profoundly upsetting,” he said.

“If anyone in the community does have any more information, they should ring us here at the station immediately.”

A crime scene was set up around the home with detectives interviewing neighbours.